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Northamptonshire Fungi

Aims of this website:
To raise the profile and increase the recording of macro fungi in Northamptonshire
Active field enthusiasts can be contacted with identification queries on macro fungi

Pseudocraterellus undulatus

Leotia lubrica
Giant Club
Clavariadelphus pistillaris
Gilded Bolete
Aureoboletus gentilis
Bruising Webcap
Cortinarius purpurascens
Girdled Webcap
Cortinarius trivialis

Fungi for Kids

Common Emerald Hemithea aestivaria

Status: Resident.

Distribution and Abundance: Common.

Primary Habitat: Woodland.

Flight Period: Single brooded in June and July.

Observations:  Never particularly common at light. Records from the Rothamsted trap at Fineshade for the eight years to 2000 show an average catch of three per annum. Caterpillars were found feeding on buckthorn at Newton in May 1991.

L.O.N.: 1907. Many localities. Common.

First Record:  1858, Green.

The Vestal Rhodometra sacraria

B&F: 1716

ABH: 70.038

Status:  Migrant.

Distribution and Abundance:  Irregular.

Primary Habitat:  General occurrence.

Flight Period:  Most records are in September and October.

Observations: Following the first record the moth has been seen in the county in most years, however until the high migration year of 2006 records had tailed off somewhat. In 2006 fifty-three examples of the moth were recorded in the county greatly increasing the mapped distribution of the species. At this stage it is not known to what extent this is a pattern for the future and the overall effect on the scarcity of the moth. Records from the Pitsford Water static light traps for the eight years from 1999 to 2006 are as follows:- 1999 – 3, 2000 – 3, 2001 – 2, 2002 – 0, 2003 – 0, 2004 – 0, 2005 – 0 and 2006 – 7 .

First Record: 1981, Finch

Blossom Underwing Orthosia miniosa

B&F: 2183

ABH: 73.243

Status: Resident.

Distribution and Abundance: Local.

Primary Habitat: Woodland.

Flight Period: Single brooded in March and April.

Localities: Hazelborough Wood, Salcey Forest, Yardley Chase and Fermyn Woods.

Observations: Historically more widespread in the county and then restricted to south Northants recently the species appears to have extended its range northwards once again. The moth prefers areas of open woodland and I well remember many of our unsuccessful attempts in the 1970’s to update records from some of the old sites such as Castor Hanglands, Bedford Purlieus, Geddington Chase and Hardwick Wood.  In the 1980’s caterpillars were found commonly in Salcey Forest feeding on hawthorn bushes growing under the oaks prompting searches for larvae in the old localities that also failed. Over the past few years’ singletons have been seen in north Northants and the moth was recorded annually from 2006 to 2009 at m.v. light in Woodnewton. Further evidence of the spread was obtained in March 2009 when several moths were taken at light at the moth group trip to Fermyn Woods and then in 2011 by the additional mapping of four new grid squares.

Confusion Species: Common Quaker

L.O.N.: Undated. Northampton. 

First Record: 1900, Kenyon

Glaucous Shears Papestra biren

Status: Vagrant/Accidental.

Distribution and Abundance: Rare.

Record: 11 May 1987 Deanshanger School grounds
(D. Brown).

Observations: There are two earlier records for the species,
9 July 1928 Kettering (A. Cooper) and 30 July 1929 Kettering (A. Cooper). There are unresolvable doubts concerning these records in that both are abnormally late for the moth to be on the wing, perhaps suggesting misidentification. Offsetting this it should also be borne in mind that Arthur Cooper was an extremely reliable and experienced recorder.

First Record: 1928, Cooper.

Bedford Purlieus

8 x 125W MV and 6 x Actinic (6W & 20W)
Lights operated from 7:00pm to 10:30pm
Temperature dropping to 6.5°C at 10:30pm.
Overcast, still and no rain

B&F Vernacular Name Scientific Name National
1659 Yellow Horned Achlya flavicornis C 8
1663 March Moth Alsophila aescularia C 7
1746 Shoulder Stripe Anticlea badiata C 28
1747 Streamer Anticlea derivata C 1
1852 Brindled Pug Eupithecia abbreviata C 20
1917 Early Thorn Selenia dentaria C 2
1930 Oak Beauty Biston strataria C 3
1934 Dotted Border Agriopis marginaria C 20
1947 Engrailed Ectropis bistortata C 25
2139 Red Chestnut Cerastis rubricosa C 1
2140 White-marked Cerastis leucographa L 1
2182 Small Quaker Orthosia cruda C 1,500
2187 Common Quaker Orthosia cerasi C 180
2188 Clouded Drab Orthosia incerta C 40
2189 Twin-spotted Quaker Orthosia munda C 65
2190 Hebrew Character Orthosia gothica C 12
2236 Pale Pinion Lithophane hepatica L 1
2243 Early Grey Xylocampa areola C 5
2256 Satellite Eupsilia transversa C 2
2258 Chestnut Conistra vaccinii C 23
Key to National Distribution (Waring 1994 & 1999)
C Common Recorded in 301 or more 10Km grid squares since January 1980
L Local Recorded in 101 to 300 grid squares
U Uncommon On alien foodplant, less that 100 grid squares
Nb Nationally Scarce b Recorded in 31 to 100 grid squares
Na Nationally Scarce a Recorded in 16 to 30 grid squares
pRDB Proposed Red Data Book Species declining, proposed for inclusion to Red Data Book
RDB Red Data Book Recorded in 15 or fewer grid squares
M Migrant Flown / transported by wind from sources outside the British Isles
RM Rare Migrant As above, ten or fewer records in the British Isles

Butterflies of Northamptonshire

The species of Butterfly regularly found in Northamptonshire
Grizzled Skipper
Pyrgus malvae
Locally common
Habitat: Meadows
Brigstock CP
Dingy Skipper
Erynnis tages
Locally common
Habitat: Grassland
Brigstock CP
Essex Skipper
Thymelicus lineola
Habitat: Flowery meadows
Difficult to distinguish from Small Skipper
Small Skipper
Thymelicus sylvestris
Very common
Habitat: Flowery grassland
Difficult to distinguish from Essex Skipper
Large Skipper
Ochlodes venata
Very common
Habitat: Meadows and woodland edges
Large White
Pieris brassicae
Very common
Habitat: Most habitats
Also known as Cabbage White
Small White
Pieris rapae
Very common
Habitat: Most habitats
Green-veined White
Pieris napi
Very common
Habitat: Most habitats
Often mistaken for Small White
Orange Tip
Anthocharis cardamines
Habitat: Most habitats
Clouded Yellow
Colias crocea
Habitat: Most open habitats
Migrant from the continent
Numbers vary from year to year but always uncommon
Gonepteryx rhamni
Habitat: Most habitats
Wood White
Leptidea sinapis
Locally uncommon
Habitat: Forest clearings and woodland edges
Feeble flight is distinctive
Salcey Forest
Purple Emperor
Apatura iris
Locally uncommon
Habitat: Oak woodland
A large butterfly with a powerful flight, usually stays in the tree tops
Hazelborough Forest, Fermyn Wood
White Admiral
Ladoga camilla
Locally common
Habitat: Broad-leaved woodland
Seen gliding through woodland glades on warm summer days
Salcey Forest, Bucknall Wood, Fermyn Wood
Small Tortoiseshell
Aglais urticae
Very common
Habitat: Most habitats
Adults overwinter
Polygonia c-album
Habitat: Most habitats
Two generations, the first is lighter in colour, adults overwinter
Painted Lady
Cynthia cardui
Regular summer visitor from North Africa
Habitat: Most habitats
Often on or near thistles

Historical view of Weekley Hall Wood

Cloaked Carpet Euphyia biangulata

B&F: 1793

ABH: 70.064

Status: Resident.

Distribution and Abundance: Rare.

Primary Habitat: Woodland.

Flight Period: Recorded in July.

Record: 27 July 2008 Greatworth (T. Stokes).

Observations: The Greatworth moth above was taken in a garden light trap. There are four earlier records. Geddington Chase to 1907. Wallis’s unconfirmed entry in L.O.N. appears to have been confirmed in 1907 as at Geddington Chase by a manuscript entry in his unpublished notes. Weekley Hall Wood to 1932, Kettering Natural History Society records. Barford Bridge Kettering 27 July 1941. The locality for this record is given as, “Bridge Rockingham Rd.” This venue crops up in the records occasionally and I have been told that it refers to Barford bridge. Apparently this was a regular but lengthy Sunday morning walk for Arthur Cooper, who was in his late 70’s at that time, and on the way he would be looking for resting moths. In those days well before the dangers posed by traffic on a busy road it would of course have been possible to look closely at this bridge in safety. Lastly Bedford Purlieus pre 1950. The locality for this record is taken from a Peterborough Museum record card, the actual date and recorder are not quoted.

Confusion Species: Sharp-angled Carpet

L.O.N.: Uncertain. Requires confirmation.

First Record: 1907, Wallis.


Northamptonshire Garden and Wildlife:

Northamptonshire Garden and Wildlife are to raise the profile and increase the recording of moths in Northamptonshire & The Soke of Peterborough (Vice County 32) – macros and micros. To this end, the active field group can be contacted by anyone wishing to help, submit records or with identification queries or other issues concerning moths. As the site thrives on records we welcome them in any form whatsoever.